The majority of patients treatment begins and ends outside the hospital, so the analysis and study of the subject of medical errors should primarily focus on hospitals. Defects of medical care provided by physicians in clinics are found in approximately in 30% of cases. More often errors happen in collecting history, using basic methods of medical examination of the patient and prevention recommendations.
Insurance companies work with the patients who suffered medical errors in the United States for more than one hundred years. Insurance payment is automatically included in the insurance program, and the amount of payment depends on the nature and consequences of medical errors and by court decisions. The relevant section of the law called the medical malpractice. It provides an analysis of what may be a medical error and what mistakes are punishable under criminal law.