The concept of medical errors in the modern healthcare systems

medical-diagnosisThe majority of patients treatment begins and ends outside the hospital, so the analysis and study of the subject of medical errors should primarily focus on hospitals. Defects of medical care provided by physicians in clinics are found in approximately in 30% of cases. More often errors happen in collecting history, using basic methods of medical examination of the patient and prevention recommendations. The frequency of diagnoses mismatch when in case of a referral to hospital examination and during the visit, according to different authors, varies in the range of 10-40%. According to various sources, the discrepancy between clinical and sectional diagnoses in hospitals of mixed type for adults balances around 11% (according to independent surveys among medical negligence solicitors), and the unrecognised rare diseases in this index are not significantly reflected. The majority of diagnoses with discrepancies account for serious conditions – mostly lung and gastric cancer, tuberculosis, pneumonia, atherosclerosis and its complications. (more…)

Clinical negligence in the high developed economies: the legal standpoint and numbers

Medical-Malpractice-compensationInsurance companies work with the patients who suffered medical errors in the United States for more than one hundred years. Insurance payment is automatically included in the insurance program, and the amount of payment depends on the nature and consequences of medical errors and by court decisions. The relevant section of the law called the medical malpractice. It provides an analysis of what may be a medical error and what mistakes are punishable under criminal law. So, doctors are subjected to criminal liability have made errors which ‘led to dysfunction of the human body or death’. This is where we can recollect the case of Michael Jackson and his doctor allegedly prescribed the wrong dose of medication. This dose provoked Jackson’s death, and the doctor was convicted and sentenced to four years in prison. Adopted in 2010, the amendments to the Medical Malpractice require all hospitals of the country to report medical errors committed by these institutions through the press. ‘Our people need to know exactly what happened. Each case is a disaster’, said Robert Galvin, the head of a law commission on medical mistakes of Connecticut Department of Public Health. According to statistics, every year the US courts receives 1,500+ complaints about medical errors, and three-quarters of these cases are satisfied by the courts. The average amount of compensation to the affected patients in recent years ranged between $313,000 and $521,000. Now doctors are lobbying for the introduction of new rules that would limit the size of such payments. (more…)